ARCHIVE WEBSITE: Go back to Past Concerts webpage in our new site.

Great Scott N' The Wright Stuff
Poulenc n' Pipes
World Premiere Horn Concerto
Tale of Two Symphonies
The Planets
Prodigy & Pops
2009 Arabian Nights
From the New World

Saturday, November 11, 2006 at 7:30 P.M.
click picture above to download flyer

Symphony No. 9 in C Major, D. 944
“The Great”

by Franz Schubert

Completed 1826 - First performed by Felix Mendelssohn in Leipzig on March 21, 1839

  • clipart_tech_audio_028 I.  Andante; Allegro ma non troppo
  • clipart_tech_audio_028 II  Andante con mote
  • clipart_tech_audio_028 III Scherzo: Allegro vivace
  • clipart_tech_audio_028 IV  Finale: Allegro vivace

Pictures at an Exhibition
Tableaux d’une Exposition

by Modeste Mussorgsky,
orchestrated by Maurice Ravel

Composed in 1874 - for solo piano; Orchestrated in 1922 and
performed in Philadelphia by Stokowsky in November, 1929

 NOTE: Some Audio clips contain 2 sections together.

    clipart_tech_audio_028 Promenade (French). Key of B flat major. In this piece Mussorgsky depicts himself entering the exhibition and walking through the gallery to the first exhibit. The melody and rhythm resemble Russian folk songs. The piece has simple, strong rhythms, but a changing meter.

    1. Gnomus (Latin: The Gnome). Key of e flat minor, in 3/4 time. This piece is based on Hartmann’s design sketch of a toy nutcracker shaped like "a little gnome walking awkwardly on deformed legs".

    clipart_tech_audio_028 Promenade. Key of A flat major. The promenade theme, illustrating the viewer walking from work to work.

    clipart_tech_audio_028 2. Il vecchio castello (Italian: The Old Castle). Key of g sharp minor, in 6/8 time. This piece is based on Hartmann’s painting of a troubadour singing in front of a castle.

    Promenade. Key of B major. Extremely short (8 measures).

    clipart_tech_audio_028 3. Tuileries (Dispute d'enfants après jeux) (French: Tuileries (Dispute between Children at Play)). Key of B major. Hartmann originally pictured an empty garden near the Louvre in Paris, France. Mussorgsky musically added children chattering and playing in the garden.

    clipart_tech_audio_028 4. Bydłlo (Polish: Cattle). Key of g sharp minor, in 2/4 time. This was probably a drawing of a Polish oxcart.

    Promenade. Key of d minor.

    clipart_tech_audio_028 5. Balet nevylupivshikhsya ptentsov (Russian: Ballet of the Unhatched Chicks). Key of F major, in 2/4 time. This is based on Hartmann’s costume design sketches for the ballet Trilbi; the chicks are canaries.

    clipart_tech_audio_028 6. “Samuel” Goldenberg und “Schmuÿle” (Yiddish). Key of b flat minor. Vladimir Stasov adds a description “Two Jews: Rich and Poor” ; some have incorrectly perceived this description to be part of the original title. Some arrangements have retitled this piece as "Two Polish Jews, Rich and Poor (a.k.a. Samuel Goldenberg and Schmuyle)". The title given here is the one used in Mussorgsky’s original manuscript. These are two separate pencil drawings, presented by Hartmann to Mussorgsky.The use of augmented second intervals approximate Jewish modes such as the Phrygian dominant scale.

    Promenade. Key of B flat major. Many arrangements including Ravel’s omit it.

    clipart_tech_audio_028 7. Limoges, le marché (La grande nouvelle) (French: The Market at Limoges (The Great News)). Key of E flat major, in 4/4 time. Limoges is a city in central France. Musically this piece represents a bustling market place.

    8. Catacombae (Latin: The Catacombs). Hartmann pictured himself in the subterranean tombs of Paris. The first part of Mussorgsky’s musical translation is called Sepulcrum Romanum (Latin: Roman Sepulcher). Key of b minor, in 3/4 time. The second part is called clipart_tech_audio_028 Cum mortuis in lingua mortua (Latin: With the Dead in a Dead Language). Key of b minor, in 6/4 time. In his manuscript, Mussorgsky states: “The creative spirit of the dead Hartmann leads me towards the skulls, calls to them - the skulls quietly begin to shine”.

    clipart_tech_audio_028 9. Izbushka na kur'ikh nozhkakh (Baba-Yaga), The Hut on Hen’s Legs (Baba Yaga). Key of C minor, in 2/4 time. This is based on a drawing of an elaborately carved clock representing the hut of Baba Yaga (a witch in old Russian legends). This piece is one of the more demanding of the set with a 64th note tremolo during the entire middle part.

     10. Bogatyrskie vorota (v stol'nom gorode vo Kieve) The Bogatyr Gates (in the Capital, in Kiev). Key of E flat major. This movement is commonly translated “The Great Gate of Kiev”. It is based on sketches Hartmann made for a planned (but never built) monumental gate for Tsar Alexander II. This gate was to have commemorated the Tsar’s narrow escape from an assassination attempt on 1866-04-04. Viktor Hartmann felt that his design for the gate was the finest work he had yet done, and it won the competition for the gate’s design. ·

Content © 2009 by SVS, BAMF, BACH to Music · Disclaimer


Franz Schubert
1797 - 1828


Modeste Mussorgsky
1831 - 1881


Mussorgsky as a cadet in the Preobrazhensky Regiment of the Imperial Guards




Maurice Ravel
1875 - 1937